It is not just nature that makes Indonesia a desired destination for travelers. It is the classical fusion of natural beauty with its unique culture that attracts visitors to Indonesia. Over my last trip, I discovered the Balinese culture and how it had similarities to my own Indian culture. This time, I uncovered a different slice of the Indonesian culture with a visit to a traditional village in Lombok. The Sasak village in Ende opened their humble homes for us to explore, entertained us with their heritage tales and showcased the various traditions of their hamlet.
A tour of the Sasak village is an almost unmissable Lombok attraction. It was my own visit to the Sasak village in Ende that made me realize why. The Sasak have been natives of this island for over 2000 years and with such ancestry, they have charming secrets of their own. These are what they revealed upon my visit to the Sasak Village. It is uncovering these secrets of a Sasak traditional village that will make you add it to your Lombok itinerary.
History of the Sasak Villages in Lombok
It has been so long since the Sasaks first settled in Lombok that the first trace of their history has been lost. It is believed that the Sasak people were actually Balinese who migrated to Lombok and made it their home. Some traces of this can be seen in the way their homes are made and in the Sasak language itself. They practiced their own religion until the 17th century when a majority of them were forced to convert to Islam. However, some of these tribes still retained some of their Hindu beliefs and created a new subsect called Wetu Telu.
Today, a lot of the Sasak villagers, especially the younger generation have moved to towns for a better lifestyle. However, there still exists a sizable number of villages where people still have a simplistic Sasak lifestyle. They still have the typical Sasak homes and speak in Sasak language. It is these villages that have now become important tourist attractions of Lombok. One can find them scattered across the island and the one that we visited was in Ende, in South Lombok.
Structure of a Sasak Village
The Sasak Ende Village that we visited had around 35 homes. Interspersed among these homes, were cow sheds and a large square that doubled up as an amphitheater. Rising up in those rows of homes, were tall barns called Lumbung. A Lumbung was used to store the rice and is constructed on a higher level than the homes for various reasons. Made with mud and buffalo dung (specifically on the floor), they have a single opening and are made in a manner that prevents rodents from entering and destroying their produce. Besides the Lumbung, a small structure called the Musholla which was used as the prayer room. None of the homes of a Sasak village face towards the Mount Rinjani. It is believed that the orientation away from the mountain gives respect to their ancestors.
The courtyard or the main square had a shelter for the village meetings to take place. A typical Sasak village has an elder, revered for his experience and knowledge. Sometimes, it is not just one elder but a few of them. While it is the leader who decides the best for the village, he still seeks the counsel of the Sasak Village elders. Besides ensuring the well-being of the Sasak village, a leader is also, responsible for keeping the heritage of the Sasak Village intact and alive.
Bale Tani – the traditional Sasak Home
The first thing that is bound to capture your attention in a Sasak village is the homes of its residents. Called the Bale Tani (Bale means house and Tani means farrmer), these houses are made using wood, bamboo, grass, cow dung and mud – all-natural material from around the village. While the wood and bamboo make the walls of Bale Tani, the Alang-Alang grass makes the roof of the homes. The earthen floor of the homes is polished with cow dung for two reasons. The scientific one is that it keeps away the mosquitoes while the traditional belief is that what comes from earth must return to it.
Our guide at the village pointed out to the doors of a Bale Tani. They are quite low and even a midget like me had to bow down to enter the home. He explained that the reason for the same was to show respect to the world and its people around.
Upon entering a Bale Tani, you will see a simple single and large room that is just divided into sections by its bamboo pillars and possibly a make-shift curtain. Small shelves along the walls took care of their storage needs as did a cupboard or two. Typically, after marriage, a couple stayed inside the home together until the first child is born. After that, the man of the house shifts out and sleeps outside the house on the porch while the women and kids sleep within. The kitchen of a Bale Tani is a separate construction – albeit a smaller one that is attached to the main house. Most of the food is made in the traditional olden style over firewood.
A typical Sasak family (occupation, food, clothing)
With the meaning of Bale Tani, you would have guessed that the key occupation of the Sasak tribe is farming. They mostly, cultivate rice, which also, doubles up as their main food. However, the occupation of the villagers is not just limited to males. In fact, it goes beyond to the ladies of the village. Every female has to learn weaving else she is not allowed to get married. 😉
The women are adept in this art and when you walk around a Sasak tribal village, you will find them working on Songket and Ikat designs. These colors used in the weaving threads are all from natural sources like Betel nuts and Indigo. A typical weaving process could take anything between 2 to 3 months on the traditional looms that you will witness around. You can choose to buy some of the pretty shawls or dresses from them while you are here. The prices are fairly reasonable and they do help the village maintain its heritage.
Sasak Customs & Traditions
I have already shared the Sasak beliefs regarding their homes, their orientation and the way they use it. Time to share an interesting custom called Merariq. Merariq refers to an eloping custom followed by the Sasak people. It is customary and pretty normal for the Sasak men to kidnap their women and disappear for a few days. The eloping couple stays in a close family home till the parents are ready to negotiate and officially marry off the girl.
The negotiation generally happens in the presence of the village elders. While the tradition still exists, it is not being practiced as much. Guess the era of modernization has set in even in these Sasak villages. As for the other interesting traditions, check out the next section.
Peresean Dance in the Sasak Ende Village
If I had to point out a highlight of my visit to Sasak Village, then it would be witnessing the traditional dance called the Peresean dance. Performed in the central village square, this is a martial art dance form that is generally performed before the harvest season. It involves two warriors called Pepadu and a referee called Pakembar. The warriors are armed with a long wooden stick and a shield that is made from Buffalo skin. The shields are also, referred to as Pepadus – possibly why the warriors are called so.
As the Pakembar blows the whistle, round one starts with the two warriors attempting to hit the other with the sticks. The crowd cheers for their favorite Pepadu and tension builds up as one jumps through the air to attack the other. A few blows and the Pakembar blows his whistle to send each Pepadu back to his corner for a brief rest. The rounds continue till one of them draws the blood of the other. The Sasak belief has it that when the blood falls onto the earth, it will rain well for the harvest. In fact, more the bloodshed, better the rainfall. However, that with modern times is no longer practiced and what you will see it just a friendly version of the duel.
The rhythmic moves of the fighters are accompanied by a band of musicians. The Sasak music here is called Baleganju and involves gongs called Gengong, a large drum called Gendang Beleq, cymbals called Ceng Ceng and a very unique wind instrument called Suling. Our guide mentioned that this special flute – Suling was made from Palm leaves and required a different kind of skill to make that unusual sound. It was a part of almost every Sasak music, almost like a signature tune.
The Sasak people are quite dedicated in their efforts to keep their values and traditions alive. You will see not just adults treating you to a Peresean dance but also, kids. Dressed in traditional attire, these kids attempt to knock the other out with smaller Pepadus. Personally, I found the same to be the cutest. The same kids kept following us around and also, entertained us with their smatter of local poems including one that involved the words Wonderful Indonesia.
A visit to the Sasak Ende Village showcased a different side of Indonesia to me. The genuineness of the Sasak people and their manners won my heart. They not only opened the doors of their homes for me to see how they lived but also, personified the belief that the most beautiful thing about the world lies in its simplicity. If you are ever in Lombok, you must visit one of these traditional Sasak Villages. And to help you do so, just bookmark this guide with the pin below.
How to get to the Sasak Village in Lombok?
- Lombok has its own airport with decent connectivity to international destinations like Singapore and Kuala Lumpur. There are a number of domestic flights from Indonesian airports like Bali and Jakarta to Lombok.
- You can opt for a ferry transfer from Bali and nearby islands to Lombok. You can book one right here through this link.
- There are numerous Sasak villages in Lombok. The two famous ones that are frequented by tourists are in Sade and Ende. My experience here is that of the Sasak Ende Village. This village is conveniently located en route to the Kuta Lombok beach. It is just 15 minutes from Lombok airport.
- To get to the Sasak Ende Village, you can either opt for a self-drive car, a taxi or even hire a two-wheeler. In case you are looking at booking a tour online with a hotel pick-up, consider buying it through this link. This tour also, includes a visit to some waterfalls and other landmarks of Lombok.
When in Lombok, you must consider visiting the divine Benang Kelambu Waterfalls. You will feel as if you have stepped into paradise. Don’t believe me? Check it out for yourself through my own this link
- There is no entry fee for the Sasak Ende Village. However, at the end of your tour, it would be nice to give the Sasak village guide a token tip. The money given to him goes towards maintaining the village.
- The Sasak villagers are quite friendly and open. They will be happy to let you into their homes. While doing so, please be respectful of their privacy.
- Keep aside at least one hour for your visit.
- There are public restrooms at the Sasak Ende Village.
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Popularly referred to as a Restless Ball of Energy. My Mom refuses to entertain my complaints about my equally restless daughter & assures my husband that I was born with a travel bug.
I am a Post-Graduate in Marketing by qualification and a travel blogger by passion. Besides travel, I enjoy photography and if you don’t find me at my desk, I would be out playing badminton or swimming or just running. I believe in planning for every long weekend through the year. And when I cannot travel physically, I travel virtually through this travel blog. My travel stories have also, got published on various websites and magazines including BBC Travel, Lonely Planet India and Jetwings.